Seasons of the Year. What Causes the Seasons?

Seasons of the Year. What Causes the Seasons?

The changing of the seasons is undoubtedly one of the most fascinating and awe-inspiring natural phenomena that Earth has to offer.

This recurring cycle has been happening for countless millions of years, and each cycle brings with it four individual and unique seasons – Spring, Summer, Autumn/Fall, and Winter.

Each of these seasons plays a crucial role in shaping our beautifully diverse environment and ecosystem.

What Causes the Seasons?

It’s commonly assumed that the warmer seasons happen because Earth is nearer the Sun (and the colder seasons happen when Earth is farther from the Sun). Nope.

It’s the Earth’s tilted axis that causes the seasons. The axis is always tilted in the same direction. So, as the Earth orbits the Sun over the 12 months of the year, different parts of Earth get the Sun’s direct rays.

Look at the diagram below. When the North Pole tilts toward the Sun, it’s summer in the Northern Hemisphere. And when the South Pole tilts toward the Sun, it’s winter in the Northern Hemisphere.

There are 4 distinct seasons throughout the year: spring, summer, fall and winter and it is so interesting to experience every time.

Spring Season – March, April, May

Spring is unquestionably a season of renewal and rebirth, with its colourful blossoming flowers, awakening plants and animals, and longer daylight hours.

It is an ideal time in which to experience thrilling outdoor activities like hiking, picnicking, and gardening. The snow begins to melt and the weather starts to get warmer – ranging from 0°C to 10°C.

The days are warmer, but the nights stay cool and the days feel longer – increasing from 5 to 7 hours of sunlight per day through the season. Plants and grass begin to grow and flowers start to bloom. Trees grow leaves in April or May.

What you’ll need:
  • Warm coat
  • Hat, light gloves and boots
  • Umbrella and/or raincoat

Summer Season – June, July, August

Summer, on the other hand, brings with it the fierce heat of the sun, high humidity, and sweltering temperatures.

Despite these challenges, summer can be an excellent season to enjoy swimming, barbecuing, and other fun activities. The days are long averaging 8 to 9 hours of sunlight per day.

However, it is vital to take adequate precautions to avoid common summertime risks like dehydration, heatstroke, and sunburns by limiting outdoor activity, wearing appropriate protective clothing, and drinking plenty of liquids.

What you’ll need:
  • Lightweight clothing such as T-shirts and shorts
  • Insect repellant to prevent bites and Lyme disease
  • Sunscreen and a sun hat to prevent sunburn
  • Water bottle to help stay hydrated

Fall Season – September, October, November

In Autumn or fall, as most people may call it in their region, the leaves of deciduous trees change colours from green to an array of yellows, oranges and reds.

This is one of the shorter seasons across the country, the fall season boasts beautiful autumn colours. The days feel shorter – decreasing from 7 to 4 hours of sunlight per day. Can be quite rainy, but not as much as in the spring and the temperatures are cool.

This is a perfect time to participate in autumn activities like apple picking, pumpkin carving, and hiking amidst the beautiful foliage. Trees shed their leaves, and animals prepare for the upcoming winter season by storing food and building shelters in preparation for the colder months ahead.

What you’ll need:
  • Warm coat or heavy sweater for morning/evening with a jacket or light long sleeve underneath for mid-day and heated indoors
  • Hat, light gloves and boots
  • Umbrella and/or raincoat in November

Winter Season – December, January, February

Finally, the winter season ushers in icy cold weather, bringing with it exciting opportunities for skiing, snowboarding, and indoor activities like board games and hot cocoa sessions.

The days feel shorter averaging 2 to 4 hours of sunlight per day and a day can be bright and sunny while feeling ice cold.

It is essential to be adequately prepared and mindful of the dangers of the winter season, such as slippery or icy conditions, dress warmly, and have an emergency plan in place.

What you’ll need:
  • Cover exposed skin to avoid getting frostbite
  • Winter coat or parka – Warm and thick that zips or buttons at the front
  • Toque that covers your ears
  • Thick winter gloves/mittens
  • Lined winter boots with a deep rubber tread to provide grip on ice and snow
  • Layers of clothing – A sweater under your coat, long underwear under your pants, base layers

In Conclusion

No matter the season, there are unique characteristics that are to be celebrated that come with new opportunities and experiences.

Preparing appropriately, understanding the weather’s changes, and being mindful of the risks and challenges inherent to each season is essential for enjoying each season safely and happily.

Are you tired of being caught off guard by changing seasons? Do you want to make the most of every season and ensure a pleasant experience throughout the year? We’ve got you covered! With these simple tips, you will always be prepared and know what to expect, making the most of each season.

Spring: As the flowers bloom and the days become warmer, embrace the freshness of spring by engaging in outdoor activities. Take advantage of the mild weather by going for a hike, having a picnic in the park, or starting your own garden. Don’t forget to bring your umbrella, as spring showers are common!

Summer: Embrace the sun-kissed days of summer by planning outdoor adventures. Whether it’s a beach trip, a camping excursion, or simply enjoying a BBQ in your backyard, make the most of the longer daylight hours. Stay hydrated, wear sunscreen, and dress comfortably to beat the heat.

Autumn: As the leaves change color and the air becomes crisp, embrace the beauty of autumn. Take leisurely walks in parks or visit apple orchards to witness the stunning fall foliage. It’s also the perfect time to indulge in warm soups, apple pies, and pumpkin-spiced treats. Don’t forget to keep a cozy sweater handy for those chilly evenings!

Winter: Bundle up and embrace the magic of winter! Enjoy activities like ice skating, skiing, or building snowmen with your loved ones. Stay warm indoors by sipping hot cocoa, reading a good book, or watching your favorite movies. Don’t forget to layer up, wear a hat and gloves, and be cautious on slippery surfaces.

Remember, each season offers its own unique charm. By being prepared and knowing what to expect, you can make the most of every season and create lasting memories. Happy exploring!

What are some of your own experiences? Share them with us below!

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